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Government supported immigration to Australia

Posted by on Jun 8, 2016 in Immigration | Comments Off on Government supported immigration to Australia

AustralianFlagAustralia is and has been, throughout history, a country mainly oriented towards immigration of new citizens. Since 1945, more than 7 million people have come to Australia to find their new home. Historically, the largest portion of immigration to Australia came from European countries, mostly in agreement with the British government, but nowadays, the bulk of immigration comes from the Asian continent.
The government of Australia keeps a close eye on immigration and regulates this area using specific laws and bylaws. There are several types of visas an immigrant can receive which will define his/her status as an immigrant to Australia and the scope of his/her rights recognized by law. There are two major programs of immigration to Australia: the Migration and Humanitarian programs.
Migration program
visas_r_immi_503x283Visas which are given most commonly to immigrants are Australian working visas. These are, in general, associated with high skilled workers (workers with a high degree of education). Often, these visas are supported by individual states, trying to find the right workers for their needs, but by individual Australian business, too. A point-based system determines whether an applicant will be given an employment visa, with the most popular form being the 457 visa (the sponsored working visa).
051-5 Australian Citizenship certificate, Perth, 26 January 1997Other types of visas include student, family, and skilled visas. The Australian government is supportive of foreign students arriving in Australia to continue and broaden their education. Immigrants can also be given a family visa, which is based on family ties with and Australian citizen.
The end goal of most immigrants to Australia is a settlement and Australian citizenship. This can be achieved by having a legally recognized permanent residency in Australia for a minimum four years.
Humanitarian program
Immigrants seeking jobs are not the only kind of people entering Australia. The Australian government has established a program for people who had to leave their country as refugees. Australia recognizes these people and a certain number of applicants each year become Australian citizens. Australia cooperates with the UNHCR organization closely when it comes to refugee immigration, and there are several types of visas for these applicants: Refugee visa, In-Country Special Humanitarian visa, Emergency Rescue visa and Woman at Risk visa.
2000px-UNHCRlogo.svgAlso, people who experience discrimination in their home country, which represents a serious violation of their human rights, can apply for an Australian visa together with their families. Application has to be processed with the support of an Australian citizen or organisation. These types of visas fall under the Special Humanitarian program visa.
The Humanitarian visa program is limited, there is a yearly quota of the applicant that can be processed, and this number is set at around 13.750, with the exception of 2013, when the number was 20.000. Most of the visas were granted to people from the Middle East and Asia, countries like Iraq and Syria, Myanmar and Afghanistan.
Immigration to Australia can become a complicated affair since there is a lot of paperwork included and strict conditions which need to be fulfilled. Legal help is advised and having an Australian-based lawyer would be a crucial asset in obtaining the documents needed for immigration.


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